INAH finds instruments from ancient Mayan beekeeping in Quintan Roo

INAH finds instruments from ancient Mayan beekeeping in Quintan Roo

Since times pre-Hispanic the bee breeding It has been part of the daily life of the population Maya of the peninsula of Yucatanit is demonstrated by the panuchos found by specialists National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH)as part of the work of rescue archaeological in it Section 6 of the Mayan Train (Tulum – Chetumal).

Through a statement, the INAH points out that the ancient population of the area they used the Honey I eat food, barter object and in ceremoniesas suggested Codices As the Madrid or the Tro-Courtesian and some Chronicles of the Indies.

But what is a panucho?

Its about colloquial name who receive the tapas of the “jobons” either hives traditional mayanswhich, in this case, are roundand were probably made in the Postclassic period (950- 1539 AD) with stone limestonethey measure 20 by 25 centimeters.

The finding is important, since according to the researchers it supports what some chroniclers, such as Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdésobserved in the territories that today make up the south of Quintana Roo.

With this the hypothesis arises that the meliponiculture Maya The southern area of ​​the state extended and not only in the northern area as has been confirmed by various studies carried out by archaeologists of the state. INAHLuis Alberto Martos López, Manuel Eduardo Pérez Rivas and María Flores Hernández.

However, only one of these panuchos found is in a good state of conservation, while the other two present a high degree of erosioncommented archaeologist Carlos Fidel Martínez Sánchez, quoted in the statement.

Other findings

The discovery, the researcher detailed, was recorded when excavating what was thought to be a albarradain the area known as Season; However, upon finding the lids, the hypothesis changed and it was determined that they were the vestiges of a meliponarya term that comes from the species native Melipona beecheii, xunan Kabin Mayan, an identity element of the peninsular population.

In addition to the jobón tapasin the place they found other archaeological materials utilitarian ceramics, lithic and flintamong which stand out a box award in red and orange tones; a limestone rock metate hand, 40 centimeters long; a metate 50 centimeters long; a axea firing pin and one shell bead in the shape of a star.

He front 5pointed out the archaeologist Hernandez Estradarepresents the testimony of the common life of people who did not belong to the elite, “probably, we are in the presence of housing complexes from peripheral cities to ceremonial sites, such as the Chacchoben Archaeological Zone and the Los Limones site.”

Until now, he pointed out, there have been 261 monumentscorresponding to remains of residential areas, most of them close to the towns of Sabanitas and Estación, which are in the analysis stage in the laboratories.

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The monuments registered in Sabanitashe finished, they are foundations, albarradas and some small bases. While in the Station area some foundations and bases minors, deteriorated by human activity.

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